Melanoma in Situ

Comprehensive Review of Melanoma in Situ

The melanoma in situ refers to the onset stage of skin cancer. Experts recommend that both men and women should have regular checks of their skins so that they can diagnose the condition on its initial stages. Any skin condition that looks abnormal should be analyzed to determine the probability of it being a malignant mole.
This state of the condition is also referred to as stage zero since it only affects the upper skin. Controlling spread of the cancer when diagnosed in its early stages is normally simpler hence there are low chances it will spread to other parts of the skin. The probability of the condition recurring in the future is also lower than when patients begin treatment in later stages.

Symptoms of melanoma in situ

There are several warning signs that should propel you to seek professional medical assistance. The symptoms include moles that are Asymmetric, have irregular Borders, vary in Colors, have wide Diameter and Evolves over time. Ensure you understand these ABCDEs of melanoma so that you can inspect yourself regularly whether you are affected by these conditions. Report anything unusual to your doctor since it could be melanoma in situ. Your health experts will conduct tests and offer suitable medication in case you are suffering the condition.

Treating the melanoma in situ

Melanoma in Situ

Melanoma in Situ

The treatment program is normally simple. The affected part of the skin is cut off in a procedure known as excising or resecting. The main prognostic feature determining the treatment approach to be followed is the melanoma thickness. The thickness is determined during the preliminary lesion biopsy.

If the lesion is on the surface, only a little skin layer would be removed. The standard treatments normally involve removing half a centimeter width of the skin around the original position of the lesion. In case you are suffering from a big-sized melanoma, more skin will be removed and biopsy conducted too. Conducting a biopsy of lymph nodes is also essential since the cancer can spread to the rest of the lymph nodes within 1 mm distance from the original spot.

Treatment of melanoma in situ follows up

Majority of the patients who are diagnosed with Melanoma is situ often acquire 100% recovery. Patients are recommended to check out with their doctors occasionally to ensure the condition has not returned. It is recommended that patients should take a physical exam of the entire body after every six months in the following two years. This will help to ensure you are completely safe. They should also continue to take tests at least once per annum in the rest of their lives.

Identifying melanoma in situ makes treatment of the condition easily. When discovered in late stages, the condition can be life threatening. Besides, there are limited treatment options available that can address metastasized melanoma effectively. The best advice to keep your skin free from cancers is through wearing protective clothes and sunscreens. Wearing shades, broad-rimmed hats, etc. are all common strategies that are used to keep your skin safe from the cancerous UV exposure.

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